Pinch back new growth in June, July or August to promote a bushier plant. It was named for the first United States minister to Mexico, Joel Roberts Poinsett, who brought the plant to the U.S. in 1828, and sent them to President Andrew Jackson for a Christmas display at the White House, making it a Christmas tradition. On Jul 23, 2014, Tropicalfish12 from Fernandina Beach, FL wrote: A beautiful plant with a fiery red center. A poinsettia will need enough water to keep the potting soil damp but not sodden. I have been looking for it for a long time--didn't know the name of it. Think of milkweed, another common Euphorbia. When it blooms, it looks like a beautiful rose. All planted in the same location. Control temperature: Place in an area of constant room temperature of 16 - 22°C. In spring, return the plant to a sunny area and water well. It is a lovely plant, and thrives in the Galapagos Islands and other areas of South America as well as south-eastern North American states. Poinsettias need this prolonged period of darkness to rebloom. I used to see them growing wild, too. Interesting to know that it is poisonous to dogs and cats. From research it seems as if Heterophylla and Cyathophora are very close. But what makes the family so unusual is that they all have this peculiar flower structure called “cup-flower” or cyathium, and they are the only plants that have this unusual flower shape. Poinsettia plants are originally native to Mexico and warmer climates than ours in Central New York. On Aug 31, 2002, yardbird from Maben, MS (Zone 7b) wrote: This is one of my favorite plants. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Why is Poinsettia a Christmas Plant? On Aug 11, 2003, Bairie from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 10a) wrote: Everyone (meaning all my aunts) had these plants back in the 40's. Poinsettias are part of the Euphorbiaceae or Spurge family. Botanically, the plant is known as Euphorbia pulcherrima. Even their names are close – Snow-on-the-mountain (Euphorbia marginata) and Snow-on-the-prairie (Euphorbia bicolor). Classic Red. The milky sap that the plant contains and that oozes out when a stem is broken can also irritate the skin. … The lovely color lasts much longer and could still be colorful in March or April. All need full sun to partial shade, in well-drained soil. And Euphorbia dentata can’t help but reveal a family secret in its common name – Toothed Spurge. Promise! Perhaps you are a nibbler? While its cousins can often be waist tall, dentata is usually about a foot tall. Poinsettias are shrubs or small Alike most weeds, no care needed, watering not an issue and arrived on its own one day. In the garden, Painted Poinsettia makes a tall background plant of deep green unusual-shaped leaves with the red bracts forming in mid summer. Poinsettias are fairly delicate plants, and careful transport home will ensure that your plant looks as good in your house as it did in the store. Poinsettias are the most popular blooming Christmas plant. But did not think it was in the poinsettia family. But what are weeds but under-appreciated native plants. Look closely at the cup-flower of any of the poinsettias and you’ll recognize what makes a Euphorbia so different. And this is the area of which I have the new pleasure of this beautiful summer poinsettia. Continue reading and find out which applies to your plant. I have been designing & working in gardens for 10+ years here, and have never seen this plant. Poinsettia leaves curling inward signifies that they are in great thirst. Keep well watered but allow soil to dry between waterings. Repotting may be necessary at the end of summer after the plant has grown. So it can't be that "weedy." Poinsettia. In order for the plant to form flower buds for holiday blooms, it needs extended darkness for at least four weeks prior. Poinsettias, being native to Mexico can’t tolerate excessive cold, and even fairly short lived exposure to temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) can lead to leaf drop. As they dry, the husks will come loose with a "POP", and without a lid, you'll find seeds all over the place :). They also all share another family trait of … “They should be greenish. Plant the poinsettia in the ground or leave it in the pot if you wish. I just wanted to add that my grandmother called this plant a "hypocrite bush" because it resembled a poinsettia but wasn't really one. Growing Poinsettia from Seeds. If your poinsettia is going to be a permanent resident in your garden, and you want it change colors in time for Christmas, plant it in a spot that stays completely dark for about 12-14 hours every night starting in early October. Look closely at the cup-flower of any of the poinsettias and you’ll recognize what makes a Euphorbia so different. Poinsettias are cheery plants that are widely grown indoors over Christmas for their brightly coloured bracts. Sympathy Silks 18" Artificial Red Poinsettia Flower Bouquet – 5 lbs Weighted Pot – 18" Tall and 16" Wide – Perfect Size for Christmas Decor, Home, Office, or Memorial 4.4 out of 5 stars 148 $39.99 $ 39 . Of course, my grandmother also referred to purple heart as purple coleus and called moss rose (portulaca) just "moss". No flower says Christmas like the beautiful poinsettia. This annual re-seeds freely with seed capsules that throw the seeds a great distance when the capsule dries and bursts open. It’s amazing how authentically festive any green plant can look with a couple of stems of red silk poinsettias stuck in the pot — at least for as long as that plant stays green. Want to receive email updates about what's new at Native Plant Society of Texas? An older lady told us that it was practically a weed here in Georgia and invasive. Poinsettia flowers are small, green or yellow, and grow inconspicuously in the center of each leaf bunch. The native euphorbia most deserving of cultivation and a place in the flower-bed is a close relative of pulcherrima. The bright petals of Poinsettias, which look like flowers, are actually the bunch of upper leaves of the plant, called bracts. By the middle of august here in Ohio its at its best.It is a really pretty plant. And, I bet when you hear the word Poinsettia you immediately think of red. This little plant looks something like a holiday poinsettia, if you use your imagination, and sure enough, it is related to poinsettia. Stately appearance. Temperature. The plants are native to poor soils and do not need fertilizer or excessive water; too much water or fertilizer will provide lanky growth and few flowers. The Painted Poinsettia, Euphorbia cyathophora, has bracts that turn an intense day-glo orange-red, and the most amazing fiddle-shaped leaves. I have seen it a few times since, but always in weedy type situations, growing happily by itself. Learn a few facts about this traditional Christmas plant. It has grown well in full sun without any help from me. no flowers, not showy. On Jul 1, 2007, Len123 from Adrian, MO (Zone 6a) wrote: very invasive. A quality plant from a local florist or grower like Chester’s can look beautiful for many months with minimal care. Thus, like countless others, I find myself purchasing new poinsettia plants each year. Greg You can tell the “snows” apart by the leaf shape: marginata is broad-leafed and pointed (ovate) while bicolor has a long, narrow leaf with a rounded tip (spatulate). Since I discovered it, I have been regularly caring for it as I do for my other plants and it LOVES it!!! In order to germinate, they first need to spend about three months in a cool place, like your refrigerator, a process called cold stratification. more of a weed than a flower. It looks good in the fall when most everything else is well past their prime. I planted 4 seedlings about 2 years ago and they have grown like weeds ever since. If the Poinsettia is wrapped in a foil wrapper, more than likely it has been sitting in water which this plant particularly hates. They’ve been doing great! I've read in south america gets in soybeans and glycophosphate based herbicides doesn't kill it. I tried to root a cutting in soil and it rotted but was able to root readily a cutting in water. St. Patrick's Day. I have made inquiries all summer, to no availe. In particular, Texas has four native poinsettias that may have a place in your garden. Balanced water-soluble houseplant fertilizers are the safest choice for delicate plants like poinsettias. Which leads us to another native poinsettia. Now that it’s December ( I live in Kauai where everything grows) 2 plants have lost a lot of leaves, but still look like they’re not dead. It should be neither dripping wet nor totally dry, and if it is, … If we look at poinsettia plant history, we discover this traditional Christmas plant clearly wasn’t the marketing scheme of some big city advertising agency. Euphorbias are named after Euphorbus, a 1st century physician and friend of King Juba II of Mauritania (52 BCE – 23 CE). Euphorbias, the plant family that includes poinsettias, exude a milky sap when broken. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: On Nov 4, 2016, Mymuse from Knoxville, TN wrote: Hello. Place the seed pods (each normally contains two or three seeds) in a jar or deep bowl with a lid. Painted Spurge, Snowy Spurge, Toothed Spurge – all deserve a place in a diverse native garden. I planted it two years ago and still have it going strong in my garden. A field of Euphorbia bicolor (photo by Marilyn Sallee). Poinsettia Care After the Holidays. Yes, all these poinsettias are spurges, usually considered weeds. It is often mistaken that the red/green bracts are its flower petals, but the flowers are actually the small green cups that only have either stamens or pistils, no other reproductive whorls. African milk tree, a member of the spurge family. And the Cyathophora has the spiny leaves?? Pick the right plant. Be very careful with this plant, especially if you have dogs or children that may possibly eat it. On May 18, 2003, Nurafey from Polk City, FL (Zone 9b) wrote: I have seen this plant in central Florida, and thought it was related to the traditional Poinsettia, but it was growing like a weed. Keeping it a background plant gives some support from other plants to hold it upright. I've wondered all along if it was in the poinsettia family? 24 members have or want this plant for trade. This plant was first developed by the Paul Ecke Plant Company. On Sep 24, 2002, cjs41 from Dacula, GA (Zone 7b) wrote: One of these plants appeared in my brother's garden and I really thought it was beautiful. Artificial Poinsettia Pine Cone Candelabrum will create a cheerful atmosphere in your home. If you're ready to feature one of these festive plants in your home take a look at our range available in baskets and pots, whatever your preference. Poinsettia Facts 10 Interesting Facts about Poinsettias. At the end of summer, entire fields suddenly appear to be waist-deep in a lacy white blanket of snow. And the intense red bracts around the cup-flowers is an eye-catcher – enough to give it another common name of Fire-on-the-mountain. They also all share another family trait of a thick, milky sap that can be a skin irritant. On Aug 31, 2002, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote: A good filler plant but can be invasive. The leaves and bracts on the Winter Rose variety are smaller and tend to curl under and the plant is usually shorter than regular poinsettias. Not too much of a hypocrite after all. It seems to have been reseeding its self but not too dramatically. On Sep 10, 2003, thewiggs from Salisbury, NC (Zone 8a) wrote: I planted this plants seeds only once, two years ago. Be especially careful not to rub your eyes after touching the plants. These are annuals whose seeds are worth gathering for a native garden. (Photo by Marilyn Sallee). This will allow you to enjoy your poinsettias for years to come. On Apr 30, 2011, ilovejesus99 from Baytown, TX (Zone 9b) wrote: I absolutely love this plant. Easy to pull and get rid of unwanted plants. This type of poinsettia is shorter than a regular poinsettia. ??? Once you hear the name of this plant, you can likely picture exactly what it looks like in … Since then it has randomly sprung up in my garden in several different locations. And while its cousins are quite showy when in bloom, dentata is subtle – the bracts near the green flower-cluster turn a powdery silver-white, much like the center of the plant has been dusted with powdered sugar, with green seedpods forming cleaved balls clustered in the center. Winter Poinsettia Care Poinsettias come in a range of colors from white to orange, but are most popular in their red variety. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. On Sep 5, 2003, wanda0810 from Ashville, OH (Zone 5b) wrote: I started with one plant five years ago and it is every where now.I give it away every year and everyone loves it. I finally tracked down its real name, and, lo and behold, it actually IS a close relative of the poinsettia. In addition to it being poisonous to people and dogs, it is also toxic to cats. SUBSCRIBE NOW $3 for 3 months. It is very showy when mature and the center is red. Boasting an eclectic mix of holiday colors with its bright red flowers, glittering golden pine cones, and plum-red berries, all set on top of lush green foliage, you can settle it as a centerpiece on your dining table with a red runner underneath and pillar candles nearby for more sophisticated styling. Central Phoenix -- I have an Aloe Christmas Carol, ... read more, I just found one upside down on our patio and put him ... read more, Flocks to the suet feeder along with the dozen or so ... read more, We've all done it. They should look like small, fresh buds with red or green tips. If one were to pot it and sell it at the nursery, it could be passed off as some exotic shrub! Unearthly fragrance, cat-scratching thorns. Promoting research, conservation, and utilization of native plants and plant habitats of Texas through education, outreach, and example. On Mar 31, 2004, diablo2003 from Mission, TX (Zone 10b) wrote: For the Southern most tip of Texas, where temperature gets up to 104F, this medium growth shrub with its unique shape and color is a pleasant weed. I don't know how many others may have used that term. zone 9. Learn how to care for a Christmas cactus. The Mexican fire plant if ingested can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, shock and even death. In the flowerbed rich soil can make it lanky and weak, causing it to lay down when wet. It appears to be thriving and Mom said that it will reseed itself gladly. Marilyn Sallee is now living in the Minneapolis area. The Christmas Poinsettia is only sold for the last six weeks of the year, but tens of millions of them filter through stores and nurseries to make it by far the best selling flowering plant in the United States. Christmas Poinsettia is indigenous to Mexico, originating in a rather limited region near present day Taxco; but close cousins north of the border have their own special beauty and vibrancy. I planted 4 poinsettia plants 8 months ago. Both the small cup-flowers and bract edges are white. While Euphorbia is the genus name for poinsettia, this term is also commonly used to refer to members of the spurge family. Seeds should be collected when the husks take on a dry, pale green appearance. Bold and beautiful, the poinsettia plant (Euphorbia pulcherrima) has bright petals that contain small flowers of green and yellow at the center. Anyway, I just wanted to share with y'all that my home is in the Knoxville, TN area. I hadn't concidered a summer poinsettia! On Sep 11, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote: This species is not as common as Euphorbia heterophylla which is also known as "Summer Poinsettia" (as are several varieties of Amaranthus, but those are easily distinguished from the Euphorbias.). In addition to solid colors, poinsettia plants can be found in all types of interesting variegated foliage patters like this crimson and white variety. But - be aware of the force with which its seeds burst forth (meaning you'll find seedlings EVERYWHERE.) When taking care of it, you would do it the same way as with all poinsettias. It looks very much like a normal poinsettia, but the red leaves at the end of branches grow in large, tight clumps looking like roses. If possible, check the soil before buying. I am in a group on Facebook who finally help me identify. On Oct 24, 2010, Kiyzersoze from Coral Springs, FL (Zone 10b) wrote: Pretty much considered a weed here in South Florida. They are often disposed of once they start to fade, but with a little care, you can keep them all year and the bracts will colour up again the following year. It is a lovely plant, and thrives in the Galapagos Islands and other areas of South America as well as south-eastern North American states. Fertilize your poinsettia once a month throughout the spring. The poinsettia seeds you’ll find inside the pods are small and dark. Remove leaves from the soil surface, … Like the poinsettia, the Christmas cactus needs to follow a pretty strict regimen in the fall to bloom at holiday time. If they are still white and oozing sap, they're not ready. Winter Rose poinsettias are available in red, white, pink, and marble. The milky sap that the plant contains and that oozes out when a stem is broken can also irritate the skin. We know, it sounds like torture for the plant but it will all work out in the end. Prune off faded and dried parts of the plant. Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater, All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested, Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! If Poinsettias sit in a drought-like environment for a long time, it will weaken the plant. Always use the amount specified in the instructions of a particular product. Collect seeds after the pods have fully formed, but before they dry and pop open. The Mexican fire plant if ingested can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, shock and even death. Our final Texas native, Euphorbia dentata, is a humble, unassuming little poinsettia. Are you a grazer or a browser? If there is a layer of yellow pollen covering the flowers, this means that the plant is more mature and will not last as long. The true flowers of the poinsettia plant can be found at the base of the red colored leaves, or bracts. On Mar 16, 2011, Adrastia217 from Davie, FL (Zone 10b) wrote: i always find this plant growing by the dania beach here in south florida...it's seems weed like & very unique looking. My experience is rated neutral for the reason that I have no experience with poinsettia's. But first, a little family history. On Aug 31, 2002, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote: Easy to grow plant, and the flowers are inconspicuous enough to fill in between other plants. It has since shed all but one bloom. “Look for plants that have tightly-closed tiny yellow flowers in the middle,” says Berg. On Aug 10, 2009, CherokeeGreg from Fresno, CA (Zone 9a) wrote: It comes up year after year I never knew what it was until today. The other two are perfect. Like humans, they fret from drying out too. This beauty came up volunteer on the east side of our home. Underwatering. Keep the plant away from radiators, cold windows & draughts. Its a nice plant and easy to grow. I am thinking the Heterophylla has the wider leaves which is what I have. But have lived here all my life and never noticed it before this summer. The fresh, new year rolls around ... read more, Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com. I haven't had much experience with this plant, as just this year I transplanted some from my mother's garden (Texas, zone 7) to mine (Georgia, zone 8). It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. The scientific name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, translates as “the most beautiful Euphorbia.”, The “painted poinsettia” Euphorbia cyathophora. They both have three-lobed seed capsules which fling the seeds when dry in fall. Fertilizers are essential for adding vital nutrients to your growing soil. The care for a Winter Rose is the same as that for other poinsettias. Its leaves are simple, lanceolate with toothed edges and well spaced up the stem. There are actually many different varieties of white Poinsettias on the market now. Tips for a Thriving Poinsettia. Hydrate: Like most house plants, too much water is just as bad as too little. Provided the poinsettia plant is given the proper environmental conditions, it should begin to regrow within weeks. On Aug 26, 2010, ambersunny from Asheville, NC wrote: I have just discovered this plant in a clients garden in Asheville, NC. The poinsettia is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family. All rights reserved. Many people are sensitive to this sap, which can cause an itchy rash. Virtual ceremony honors contest winners, outstanding members, Find older posts listed by publication date. I thought it was very pertty weed. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States Minister to Mexico, who is credited with introducing the plant to the US in the 1820s. This website and all content Copyright © 2008 - 2021 Native Plant Society of Texas. That was a quickfire masterclass in how to keep your poinsettia plant looking its best, we hope it's helped. We love them because they’re a sweet reminder of the Star Of Bethlehem. So, as we look at how to grow poinsettias, we will focus on seasonal poinsettia care that will help keep your plants healthy and ensure you have plenty of opportunities to obtain cuttings to propagate new plants. Some euphorbias are succulent and look like cacti, including a houseplant you may be familiar with – E. trigona, commonly known as the African milk tree. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, the poinsettia was first described by Europeans in 1834. Getting taller and fuller. You can experiment by opening up one and seeing if the seeds are dark brown/black - if so, they're ripe and ready to pick. How to Care for Poinsettias Like an Expert Gardener. Although they look like a flowering blooms, bracts are instead a set of colorful leaves that form on top of the regular green foliage of the poinsettia. The Winter Rose Poinsettia is a new type of long-lasting poinsettia. I have pulled diligently and keeps springing up. POINSETTIA. It happens because they lack both moisture and nutrients. We are a non-profit organization supported by grants, donations and member dues. The soil should be moist, but not soggy. So what do poinsettia seeds look like and when to plant poinsettia seeds? Chester’s growers have taken care of all the growing details so you can enjoy your poinsettia with very little effort. These plants can be quite particular about where they are kept, so if you feel like your poinsettia isn’t thriving in its current position, then don’t be shy about moving it and trying out a different spot until you find one your plant is happy with. If the poinsettia is planted in the ground, you can expect a shrub-like plant during the summer. The next of the Texas native poinsettias is actually a pair of plants so closely related they are often mistaken for each other and even interbreed. 4 Gardening Resolutions That You Can Actually Keep. Nothing says Christmas quite like the poinsettia. Cut back all canes (branches) to about 6 inches from the pot’s rim.