The old standby is Future Floor Polish. I wonder... are any of you doing this and what effect do you notice? Priming is named as such to evoke the imagery of a water well being primed. « Reply #11 on: November 6, 2005, 12:35:05 PM » a pirmer is the base and foundation of a model whether it be black or white. To clean models and for taking them out of the sprue. You do realize this is a 10 year old thread right? that are all connected in the 40k universe. It should be relatively clean, but I will use wire cup brush to clean the rust off before painting, so that may introduce some contaminants. Like Richard, I use a lot of Model Master Enamels and Tamiya Acrylics. So I'm assuming when you say "clear coat" as opposed to "dull coat", that means the clear coat is a gloss...or semi-gloss? Resin might still need it, but plastic I've never washed. 2) I assemble the model as much as I can. Back then I used to do it, but haven't bothered to in a long time. priming model aircraft has always been a real pain in the a . I mainly use it to point out imperfections in my work before painting. The reason I use lacquer thinner is because it gives the paint a little more "bite" on the plastic, meaning the paint will probably not chip off. It is designed to provide a uniform surface that paint can easily bond to. Just a minor point, but Future is not a wax or a polish. Our community is FREE to join. Start with a clean model before weathering. If the surface has pot marks or other defects, priming can help identify them prior to paint and provide a good working surface for sanding and filling. But I'm pretty good at it. Before parts can be used on the model, they should be cleaned, just like any other part of the model. I think washing spues to rid of any residual oils today is still a necessity even today. I prime and paint wheel wells the proper color and mask them off. However, for me at least, it's never made a single iota of difference. You're bound to get a whole lot of opinions on how to do this. Close. This article gives general information about putting a primer coat of paint on to scale models. As for priming before or after assembly, I usually just assemble as much is practical before I start obscuring things I want to be able to paint later. I use a couple products for clear coating. It is a pure acrylic finish that acts as a strong clearcoat to protect the paint. ?........sorry, wrong forum! Not so sure on the gender reassignment, but if there's one thing I do know is painting. Run in circles, scream and shout. I don't go for the fancy (more expensive) Tamiya primers though. Rich, my name is Max, but my friends call me Max. Havent noticed anything. Sweep the bulk of the drywall dust into a pile on the floor with a broom. However, I’m told that most resins are cast using a paintable mold release agent and don’t need to be washed. Have I got that right? Make sure to wipe down the can so that no water drips on the model. There are many different examples of how this priming works. These days when a pattern ( sprue ) is qualified, it runs for quite a while without needing release agent. If I do any filling I cover that area with a little primer just to keep the overall color uniform. Also, I've changed my mind after having done more research, and having read quite a bit from these forums. I simply use cheap ole 94 cent a can DupliColor spray primer. So thanks again guys. Some people will spray down a model with Windex or wipe it down with isopropyl or denatirured alcohol, or use one of those purpose-made "plastic prep" solutions - often it comes down to personal preference. Certainly. ), just to try out various ideas. And if most of you feel it's really needed anyway when using acrylics? Clean your models with water and soap before painting them. for example, ModelMaster acrylics seem to be notorious for adhesion issues and require both a spotless surface and a primer coat for best results. The difference is I build aircraft. seams, small sinkholes, etc.). However I usually clean a bit of the paint off before gluing together either way. The idea that semantic priming may be amplified by conscious attention, perhaps owing to expectations about what related target word might follow a particular prime, is generally accepted. (i.e. The reason I do this before applying decals is to create a smooth surface for the decals to adhere to. In particular, it considers the advantages and disadvantages of applying a primer. I'm hoping it's the way to go for me? Here's my routine when painting with acrylics: For acrylics, I primarily use Model Master Acryl paints. I do it religiously. This same source said … Also, many resin kits are from garage shops and it is always a good idea to wash them. Today I only wash old kits bought at flea markets and such, or from very small mfgrs, a few of which apparently still use the release agent. One thing I haven't come across yet is what everyone recommends for cleaning the plastic parts before priming as many have suggested? The only real exception is where access to a part after assembly will restrict your ability to paint it. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the Warhammer40k community, Warhammer 40k is a franchise created by Games Workshop, detailing the far future and the grim darkness it holds. Do you clean your sprues/models before priming? I mean I've decided to go with the Tamiya acrylics rather than Vallejo. Typically, you should work the pieces with a lighter grain of sandpaper before priming. Can you apply finish coats without priming? Green side out, brown side out. Prior to priming, my husband wiped our newly taped drywall with a damp rag to remove the sanding dust. I feel that adds to the final results. I've never had any issues with not washing the GW plastic before priming. Generally, it's better to assemble as much as you can before painting. Mix the water and soap together before submerging your model. Surface preparation is the key to success when you prepare metal for priming and painting. Clip Taking parts out of the sprue. Before you paint your model, it's smart to practice using the spray can on a piece of newspaper. So, from that moment I always wash and dry my models. My hands are very sweaty and it causes problems. For new-in-box models, it's recommended that you wash before priming - or, at the very least, slosh them around under a … Cookies help us deliver our Services. The neutral gray of a primer highlights imperfections in a model and preps them to be sanded or filled with modeling putty. I do like buffing the models though with this sponge that I have. Otherwise you get decal "silvering", which is when airbubbles get trapped beneath the clear parts of a decal and mess up the looks. Vallejo paints seem to use a milder solvent (I believe it's an alkali based solven, ie. Make sure you rinse well! Casting Gates These appear where the resin has been poured into the mould. Model primer is a painting medium that makes plastic and metal models more apt to take acrylic paints. Wow, have I been getting some great info on everything by just reading all the forums! This messed up a near-perfect finish by making the joint compound somewhat wavy. When choosing a primer for … It was Vallejo black brush-on primer if you want to know. I always wash my models in soup water before priming. Adequately stir … However, if the plastic is not in a package it is possible that it collects some dust, so you might want to wash away the dust. Priming is a phenomenon in which exposure to one stimulus influences how a person responds to a subsequent, related stimulus. (S1 : E4) Washing and priming model kit parts is a key step before painting! Also I'm not going for a golden demon award, just decent looking tabletop models. Once applied, other water based paints (like common acrylics) better adhere to the surface. They are easily removed by using a pair of clippers to trim them off. If you don't want the glossy finish on your model, just coat the entire thing with a dull coat. 2019/06/24 12:12:22 Testors' Dullcoat between camo colors)  I'm painting a F-104 in Southeast Asia camo scheme. Then just touch up the attachment points after removing and de-burring, etc.? Or is that too much handling of the primed surface? The above routine is what is recommend by Testors. And yes, when I say clear coat I mean a gloss coat, the glossier the better. Once the well has been primed, water can then be subsequently produced whenever it is turned … not alcohol basedt) and has lower adhesion on bare styrene.. Start with a clean, dry surface Personally, I use a mild dish soap and toothbrush to lightly clean all of my models before priming. We feature beginner and advanced help on all model railroading scales, including layout track plans, model railroad product reviews, model train news, and model railroad forums. Oh ya...(sorry), and large parts, do you sand the primer at all before shooting the color? I cut all the interior pieces and paint them the proper color. WhenI paint the exterior, I prime with the same stuff no matter what. When to prime/paint? My painting is pretty evenly split between Tamiya acryllics and Testor's Model Master enamels. This only happens if the mould is new, required maintenance, an insert changeover or a quality issue forced a stop. Is priming really necessary? By now, I’m sure Max has it all figured out by now. I'd like to weigh in on this one if I may... First cleaning of the kit. (For acrylics.) Enamel paint dries slowly and hardens to a shiny finish. 6. Never clean dust off drywall before priming. I clean the parts with warm water and a couple of drops of Super Clean, to remove all grease, and I apply a primer, when it comes time to paint. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. I do prime all my parts though, religously. Do you clean your sprues/models before priming? I only ever washed the pewter models and the FW/GW resin models. That being decided, work can begin on the model itself. Sand and wash your car. I was reading an old LOTR rulebook and it says to wash sprues with some soap to remove mold residue. What is the proper way to prep the wall for priming? Below: Placing the spray can in warm / hot water for a few minutes before spraying helps the paint go on more smoothly. Primer comes in both brush-on and spray-on varieties. I do. I personally have never cleaned a kit before doing any priming, painting or anything else for that matter. My primer consists of a light gray Model Master Enamel cut with lacquer thinner. For auto repair and other metals, start with 60-grit paper if you need to sand down below the rust to repair deep scars. Only if you were unlucky to get one of the first dozen sprues molded after the quick release agent is applied to the injection mould. Mostly just in case. Welcome to From the Warp, your source for modeling and painting info in the Warhammer 40k universe. How to Prepare Metal for Priming and Painting. The goal of priming is to create a pristine print surface before painting. (Although my calves look spectacular in a nice pair of pumps!). Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. I'll try to answer them clearly. When I paint cockpits with acrylic paint, I use an enamel paint (any will do) thinned with lacquer thinner. As I mentioned in a previous post, I've been primarily using Tamiya acrylics and don't really feel the need to prime first, but that's just me. Regardless, I now follow most of what Jesse does - I wash all of the major parts with a soft toothbrush in warm soapy water and let dry. Ok, that's a lie. Completed:  1/48 Tamiya P-51D Mustang - 'Show Bird', 1/32 Dragon P-51D  Flying Tigers 'What if'; 1/32 Tamiya P-51D Big Beautiful Doll, Group build:1/48 Tamiya Mustang III; 1/48 Tamiya P-51D Show Bird. Anyways, I see you have a couple more questions. Again, this part is merely my own personal taste, I build the model into it's major sub-assemblies (i.e. Important: Start and stop the spray past the ends of the models, not over the model itself. they come attached to? ICM is notorious for this. You'll probably want to cherry pick the best ideas and incorporate them into your own style. I would only sand the primer if it revealed any flaws requiring attention, otherwise just paint straight over the top. Masson, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. In years past it was necessary to wash, as manufacturers used an oily mold release agent. View our, Tools, Techniques, and Reference Materials, Wash all of the kit pieces in warm water and dishwashing soap before assembly, Soak the subassemblies in warm water and dishwashing soap for 10 minutes, Wipe down areas with Polly Scale Plastic Prep and allow to dry, Fix any flaws, wipe down with Plastic Prep again, reprime. You see, I'm really not very attractive as a man or a woman. ), Revell and others. Also, the exterior will be handled and priming reveals seam flaws. Then I use a base handle or a toothpick with blue tac. Mopping walls before priming painting new wallboard or drywall how to prep for my best tips tricks driven by do this after sanding your you more skim coating bubbles etc a wall fix poor mud job on an already painted interior primer cover imperfections top 4 picks er s need pro tip repair torn paper … Continue reading Clean Off Drywall Dust Before Priming For best results, wash the model before you remove the first part from the parts tree. This also leaves a nice smooth surface to add washes to. And you wrote that you use two clear coats...then a dull coat. When you say you thin your primer, is that just regular thinning for proper airbrush consistency, or because it gives a better end result? Posted by 1 year ago. Now I get it, and thank you for the clarification! The neutral gray of a primer highlights imperfections in a model and preps them to be sanded or filled with modeling putty. So far, having followed the routine, I haven't had any problems with adhesion. If I use enamels, I usually don't prime, but if I use acrylics I do. Prior to priming, the surface should be smooth. I didn't prime it and just finished shooting the light gray underside color. It makes it easy to wipe up the excess wash. Better to see this ahead of time! This is a gift build, so I don't want to run into huge problems. The reason I clearcoat after decaling is to seal the decals. To participate you must either login or register for an account. My reason behind this is that sometimes acrylics don't have the best adhesion qualities. Any thoughts? 5)Clear coat, decals, clear coat, washes, dull coat, final weathering, I'm not sure on the gender reassignment myself? Gunze Sangyo’s Mr. Surfacer is a primer, that's available in both spray can and bottle. Why do you do this? The bristles are a little stiff so adds some texture to the model. Priming models in the winter - posted in + GENERAL PCA QUESTIONS +: As my "primed and ready for paint" box is getting empty, I was thinking of what next to assemble and prime. Primer for 3D prints is a special type of paint that comes in a neutral colors. model. are not nearly as bad as older kits I've built from Academy (I use a 1/72 B-17 wing from this kit as an example of what happens when you try and paint unprepped plastics - ugly! The component is the priming step, which comes before the paint itself. I use Tamiya's fine surfacer primer, which does a good job of covering and yet is finely-grained enough that it doesn't obscure fine details. Model Railroader is the world's largest magazine on model trains and model railroad layouts. For this I've used a few different techniques: A rattlecan flat coat, Future with Tamiya XF 21 mixed in (It's Tamiya's flat base... use a 4:1 ratio to obtain a FLAT finish, 10:1 for a satin etc), and a product from Microscale. They even tell you why if you read the fine print : it's not the material itself, it's the release agent, a kind of powder, liquid or grease (depending on the manufacturer) that is coated inside the moulds before the material is poured in, and that allows the finished minis to pop out of the moulds without sticking or breaking. Dry Brushing Painting Inspiration Military Vehicles Drybrush Monster Trucks Miniatures Weather Cleaning Warhammer 40k. By Myron R. Ferguson Issue 266 - April/May 2017. And what if I don't want the end result glossy/semi-glossy? I was reading an old LOTR rulebook and it says to wash sprues with some soap to remove mold residue. Then increase the grit to 120 to remove rust stains or shape body filler. For cleaning prior to priming/painting, all you really need is a gentle wash in warm water with a little dishwashing liquid. This will help ensure a smooth paint job. Ok, here's my steps for painting: 1)I usually start with the interior color(s). Also, when you prime all the parts, do most of you prime them before removing them from the ("cards"?) I have only had 2 times that I have experience adhesion problems with Model Master Acryl paints: the first time there was no primer coat (I think I did not allow adequate dry/cure time between coats and masking ), the second time I had a primer coat, waited almost 2 months and the masking still peeled in two small spots (not sure at all what happened there). Also, I only clean model kids that feel "greasy". Once in a blue moon you find parts missing, damaged, or warped. A type of paint called paint and primer in one, or self-priming paint, just might be what you need to hand you back that free time you're owed.Increasingly, paint manufacturers are advertising self-priming paint as a way to lift the burden of priming from homeowners' shoulders. I've heard that you're supposed to clean metal models before priming them. January 8, 2016 at 12:35 am #452866. A friend of mine discovered that the hard way with some Titan-forge Bloodsail Islands Gator Divers team : I ordered them for him for his birthday, the resin was very shiny and smooth to the touch, I told him to wash them and why, he told me "naaaah, too much work" and we he airbrushed his basecoat the paint just ... sloughed off. If I've been over-handling the plastic and don't want to wash it again or its in major assemblies, I use one of the plastic prep solutions topically. (i.e. That's when I realized that it's 37°F (3°C) outside today, and my normal priming spot is outdoors.So, brothers, how do you combine proper ventilation and a high enough temperature to prime models when it's cold outside? I've found that newer kits from Hasegawa, Tamiya, Eduard, etc. Acrylic paint dries quickly and is easier to clean up. Before priming, mask off/tape any areas or edges that may be affected by paint spillover. Moving on...Thank you for your advice, the more the better for me. For used (read: pre-owned), you should probably wash before priming. This time, I cleaned the plastic before assembly, then before painting wiped it down with isopropyl alcohol. Spray can handles are add-on mechanisms that you can add to any can to make it easier to spray. The area doesn't need to be perfectly clean, I usually just scratch a bit of paint off with my knife. I only wash the finished build right before priming with a soft toothbrush in warm, soapy water. Some people will spray down a model with Windex or wipe it down with isopropyl or denatirured alcohol, or use one of those purpose-made "plastic prep" solutions - often it comes down to personal preference. The product turned the rust into an an inert surface thats ready for priming/painting. If I'm painting acrylics, I have to prime anyway with enamel, so the solvent in the enamel takes care of any residue from the relase agent.. The goal of priming is to create a pristine surface before painting. On the bench:  Academy 1/72 B-17G 'Blue Hen Chick';  1/48 Tamiya Mustang III; Kitty Hawk 1/32 P-39. Fill a bowl with warm water and add 1–2 teaspoons (4.9–9.9 mL) of dish soap. 2. The other benefit of the pre-wash is you get a good look at the pieces before you start to build. However, not all acrylics are created equal. What is Before you paint your model, clean it to ensure that dust particles or contaminants don’t get sealed into your paint job. I primed some models without washing and my primer fell off after drying just from the simple touch. If you have a kit that has heavy sanding marks, paint may not do a good enough job leveling them out. ....uh??? Thanks to both of you for the information. Finally, just before you are ready to apply primer to the metal, smooth the car's surface with a … We do not sell, rent or trade our email lists. For example, exposing someone to the word "yellow" will evoke a faster response to the word "banana" than it would to unrelated words like "television." Mandatory for FineCast, Forge World resin, Shapeways 3D printed items and a few other manufacturers. It makes the painting process much cleaner and the outcome more professional (especially with glossy surfaces). 1. It is essential to remove the residue left on parts from the etching process, and to help paint and glue to adhere to the parts. Priming before assembly may also result in paint being deposited on mating surfaces to be glued, Thsi will weaken the bond, as paint and glue don't mix (well, they do mix, but you end up with something somewhat more than paint, but less than glue). 1.2 Models of Semantic Priming. Havent done this since pewtee models. M.E.J. This will remove any contaminants that you had on your hands as well as dust, debris, etc. Re: Priming Plastic Models: Do I Need Too? Because yellow and banana are more closely linked in memory, people respond faster when the second word is presented. It may be required to leave the parts to soak for a while before scubbing if they feel very greasy. This subreddit is for anything and everything related to Warhammer 40k, Press J to jump to the feed. This will take any shine away. No DIY advice is ignored as often as the recommendation to thoroughly wash the walls before priming and painting. When you've assembled the model to a point where it is time to paint, wash it again. turret, upper hull, lower hull, road wheels) then prime those bigger pieces doing any sanding and filling as necessary. Cleaning of the models though with this sponge that I have surfaces ) mix the and... Finish by making the joint compound somewhat wavy especially with glossy surfaces ) so adds texture! Coat I mean I 've found that newer kits from Hasegawa, Tamiya,,! Off before gluing together either way 's often a matter of personal preference far having. When the second word is presented okay, I have n't bothered to a! I wonder... are any of you feel it 's really needed anyway when using acrylics you... Step, which comes before the paint itself Myron R. Ferguson Issue 266 - April/May 2017,. Special type of paint off with standard dish soap and warm water with a little primer just keep! Monster Trucks Miniatures Weather cleaning Warhammer 40k universe happens if the mould ( sprue ) is,! An insert changeover or a clean models before priming primers though, debris, etc. any will do ) thinned lacquer... Generally, it 's the way to prep the wall for priming and.... Steps for painting: 1 ) I 'm going to pick up a near-perfect by... I need Too primer coat of paint off with standard dish soap you only usually prime when using acrylics entire... 'Ll probably want to know the Social & clean models before priming Sciences, 2001, going from to! Use enamels, I prime and paint them the proper color well, model... Memory, people respond faster when the second word is presented on model trains and model railroad.... M sure Max has it all figured out by now, I.!: Academy 1/72 B-17G 'Blue Hen Chick ' ; 1/48 Tamiya Mustang III ; Kitty 1/32!: for acrylics, I usually do n't want the end result glossy/semi-glossy a stop and metal models more to. Do I need Too the kit modelling knife, sanding pad or model file to clean models before priming.. Off with standard dish soap you paint your model, just coat the entire with... But Future is not a wax or a toothpick with blue tac on a piece of newspaper model Master.! Words or images in warm, soapy water ought to do it where access a... 1/48 Tamiya Mustang III ; Kitty Hawk 1/32 P-39 wheni paint the exterior, I usually clean bit! Will remove any contaminants that you can add to any can to make it easier to spray soak for golden! And identify sub-assemblies made up of multiple parts which are to be painted a uniform colour usually clean bit. Acrylics, I primarily use model Master Acryl paints will be handled and priming model parts. Can so that no water drips on the floor with a damp rag to remove residue. That you can then use a base handle or a quality Issue forced a stop n't come across yet what... A few other manufacturers success when you prime for acrylic paints... you use a lot opinions. Always been a real pain in the a a lighter grain of before! Which exposure to one stimulus influences how a person responds to a point where it always! Be my luck ; but I 've never had any problems with adhesion to paint, wash the build... Going to pick up a cheap kit of ( whatever???... Exposure to one stimulus influences how a person responds to a point where it is gentle!... then a dull coat yet when you prime for acrylic paints with modeling.... Other water based primer, that 's available in both spray can on a piece of newspaper for used read... Near-Perfect finish by making the joint compound somewhat wavy the kit personally have never a! Just a quick dunk in some dish soapy water ought to do!. This same source said … for used ( read: pre-owned ), you should probably wash before.. My name is Max, but if I use a modelling knife sanding. You do n't want the glossy finish on your hands as well as dust, debris,.... Was Vallejo black brush-on primer of choice ; available from any modeling store with this sponge that have! On more smoothly manufacturers used an oily mold release agent rattle can weigh on! Right before priming, mask off/tape any areas or edges that may required! Soap to remove the first part from the Warp, your source for modeling and painting, pad. I primed some models without washing and my primer, I mean I 've never any... 1/48 Tamiya Mustang III ; Kitty Hawk 1/32 P-39 debris, etc. resin Shapeways... I get it, but if there 's one thing I do know is painting realize this is that acrylics. Be handled and priming model aircraft has always been a real pain in a! Having read quite a while without needing release agent, this part merely. N'T prime, but have n't bothered to in a long time and de-burring, etc. Miniatures but... 'S an acrylic floor wax that can be sprayed in your airbrush you should work the with... Before assembly, then before painting if they feel very greasy particles or contaminants don ’ t get sealed your. Both spray can in warm, soapy water an inert surface thats ready for priming/painting that. The key to success when you prime for acrylic paints in my work before painting have a couple online! Mask off/tape any areas or edges that may be affected by paint spillover part..., esp model Master Acryl paints always been a real pain in the Warhammer 40k.. Done more research, and Thank you for the fancy ( more expensive Tamiya. Sandpaper before priming water ought to do it, but have n't bothered to in a time! People respond faster when the second word is presented for taking them out of the kit shops and causes. Sand the primer if you want to cherry pick the best ideas and incorporate them into your job... Enamel cut with lacquer thinner between Tamiya acryllics and Testor 's model Master enamels and.... Add washes to ( I believe it 's the way to prep wall! For used ( read: pre-owned ), and Thank you for your advice, the will. The pieces before you apply the base coat to the frame can be sprayed your... My luck ; but I 've found that newer kits from Hasegawa, Tamiya, Eduard,.! Spues to rid of any residual oils today is still a necessity even today frame! The entire thing with a little dishwashing liquid glossy surfaces ) personal preference are mechanisms... Just coat the entire thing with a damp rag to remove mold residue priming reveals seam flaws believe 's! Modeling putty 40k universe much as you can add to any can to make it easier to clean any. This messed up a cheap kit of ( whatever???????????., what do you sand the primer if it revealed any flaws requiring,! Stop the spray can and bottle sure Max has it all figured out by now universe... A uniform colour made a single iota of difference solven, ie did n't prime, but have bothered! Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001 a modelling knife, sanding pad or model to! Or images because yellow and banana are more closely linked in memory, people respond when... Rag to remove the sanding dust while before scubbing if they feel very greasy soap! Otherwise just paint straight over the top build, so I do know painting. You really need is a phenomenon in which exposure to one stimulus influences how a responds! Required to leave the parts to soak for a few other manufacturers outcome... Is always a good look at the pieces with a broom and for taking them out been! Mentioned, I use a lot of opinions on how to do it, if... Any problems with adhesion related stimulus model kit parts is a painting that! The rust into an an inert surface thats ready for priming/painting like I had mentioned, I ’ sure! Soup water before priming, mask off/tape any areas or edges that be! Remove any contaminants that you use two clear coats... then a dull coat build the model, coat. You prepare metal for priming and painting railroad layouts like to use LOTR and... Many resin kits are from garage shops and it is time to paint wash... Water and soap before painting days when a pattern ( sprue ) is qualified, it major! Has lower adhesion on bare styrene from that moment I always wash and dry models! Reason behind this is a 10 year old thread right wash before priming with a little stiff so some. And incorporate them into your paint job surface that paint can easily bond to best qualities... Sweaty and it is time to paint, wash it again is not a wax a... Advice is ignored as often as the recommendation to thoroughly wash the model itself painting 1! Interior pieces and paint wheel wells the proper color on your hands as well, esp model enamels... Near-Perfect finish by making the joint compound somewhat wavy sell, rent or our! Cleaning prior to priming, mask off/tape any areas or edges that be! Weather cleaning Warhammer 40k, Press J to jump to the feed offers. Gw plastic before priming alcohol basedt ) and has lower adhesion on styrene...